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How to Care And Grow Peacock Ginger Plant

June 27, 2024 | by Noor Nahar Tarin

How to Care And Grow Peacock Ginger Plant

The peacock ginger, scientifically known as Kaempferia, is a beautiful perennial herb that captivates gardeners and plant enthusiasts with its vibrant foliage and delicate flowers.

Often referred to as “hidden ginger,” this plant boasts a unique aesthetic appeal, making it a favourite for indoor and outdoor gardens.


What is peacock ginger?

Peacock ginger belongs to the genus Kaempferia and has several species, all native to Asia. They are grown primarily for decorative foliage but produce pretty small flowers, usually pale purple to pink.

They are perennial ground cover plants; most varieties do not grow over a foot (31 cm) tall. Peacock ginger’s broadly striped leaves give the plant its common name. The leaves are colourful, attractive, and 4 to 10 inches (10 to 25 cm) long, depending on the variety.

The leaves have elaborate designs of purple, green and even silver. Peacock ginger is sometimes known as the southern hosta for its love of shade, gorgeous foliage, and ground-cover functions. Peacock ginger plant should not be confused with peacock plant.


About the Peacock Ginger Plant

The peacock ginger plant belongs to the genus Kaempferia in the family Zingiberaceae, the same family as common culinary ginger. Torch ginger flowers can reach heights of 17 to 20 feet (5 to 6 meters). Plant it where it is protected from wind, which can break the shoots of this tropical plant. Because of the high altitude, growing torch ginger in containers is impossible.

Peacock ginger plants are famous for their stunning leaves, which display intricate patterns in various colours, from deep green to purple. The leaves are usually broad and oval, while the flowers are small, often hidden beneath the leaves, and come in shades of white, pink, or purple.

Native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, particularly Thailand and Myanmar, peacock ginger thrives in warm, humid environments. Its natural habitat includes the forest floor, which receives sunlight and plenty of moisture.

Benefits of growing Peacock Ginger

Growing peacock ginger offers many benefits beyond its visual appeal. This low-maintenance plant not only enhances the beauty of your garden but also provides medicinal properties and contributes to the ecological health of your environment. Let’s delve into the fascinating world of Peacock Ginger.

Aesthetic appeal

The peacock ginger plant’s vibrant foliage and delicate flowers add a touch of exotic beauty to any garden or patio.

Medical use

Some varieties of peacock ginger, such as Kaempferia Galanga, are used in traditional medicine for their anti-inflammatory and digestive properties.

Environmental impact

Growing peacock ginger can support local biodiversity and provide a habitat for beneficial insects.

Peacock is a variety of ginger plant.

Common names can be confusing, but most plants you’ll see labelled as peacock plants are tall tropical plants that are only hardy to zones 10 or 11.

In most regions, they are used as houseplants and do not survive outdoors. Several common cultivars, including a tall Grande cultivar, are available in nurseries in the warm areas.

Kaempferia pulchra

This variety is known for its beautifully patterned leaves, which resemble peacock feathers, hence the name. The flowers are usually pale lavender or white.

Kaempferia Roundabout

It is also known as round-leaved peacock ginger, features round leaves and slightly larger flowers than other varieties.

Kaempferia galanga

This variety is known as fragrant ginger, and it is prized for its aromatic rhizomes used in traditional medicine and cooking

Choosing the Right Peacock Ginger Plant

It thrives in moderate to low light conditions, reflecting its natural environment. Avoid exposing it to direct sunlight, as it can burn the leaves. Calathea makoyana Temperature and Humidity: This plant prefers an average room temperature between 65°F and 75°F (18°C to 24°C).

Factors to consider

When choosing a peacock ginger plant, consider factors such as climate compatibility, intended use (ornamental or medicinal), and the growing needs of the particular variety.

where to buy

Peacock ginger plants can be purchased from local nurseries, specialist online plant stores, or garden centres. Be sure to buy from a trusted source to ensure healthy plants.

Planting Peacock Ginger

Select a spot that receives full or partial shade and plant peacock ginger so its rhizomes are about 1/2 inch below the soil surface. Peacock ginger will tolerate various soil types, although plants generally do best in rich, well-drained soil.

The best time to plant

The best time to plant peacock ginger is in the spring after the last frost, ensuring the soil is warm enough for the rhizomes to establish and grow.

Soil requirements

Peacock ginger prefers fertile, well-drained soil rich in organic matter. A mixture of potting soil and compost works well.

Needs sunlight

Although peacock ginger thrives in partial or complete shade, it can tolerate some morning sunlight. Avoid placing it in direct, intense afternoon sun, which can burn the leaves.

Water Guidelines

Keep the soil constantly moist but not waterlogged. Water the plant regularly, especially during dry periods, but ensure good drainage to prevent root rot.


Feed your peacock ginger plant with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer throughout the growing season to promote healthy growth and vibrant foliage.


Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the plant to retain moisture, suppress weeds and regulate soil temperature.


Pruning is usually unnecessary, but removing dead or damaged leaves can help maintain the plant’s appearance and health.

Pest and disease control

Common pests include mites and aphids. Treat infestations with insecticidal soap or neem oil. Ensure adequate space and ventilation to prevent fungal diseases.

Peacock Ginger Plant Propagation

Growing a peacock ginger plant can be a rewarding experience that offers both aesthetic pleasure and practical benefits. With its vibrant foliage, low maintenance needs, and versatility in garden design, it’s no wonder this plant is a favourite among gardeners. So why not add a touch of exotic beauty to your garden with the charming peacock ginger?



The most common promotion method is by category. Carefully separate the rhizomes during the dormant season and plant them in suitable soil.

Rhizome cutting

Cut healthy rhizomes into sections, ensuring each has at least one growth node. Plant cuttings in moist soil and keep warm until new growth emerges.

Container gardening with peacock ginger

Peacock ginger is a tropical or subtropical plant but can be grown indoors in a container. The pot should contain an organic mixture; water it thoroughly when the soil is slightly dry. Keep it dry in winter when the plant is dormant.

Select the correct container.

Choose a pot with suitable drainage holes at least 12 inches deep and wide to accommodate the rhizomes and leave room for growth.

Container soil mix

A high-quality potting mix with compost or perlite for extra drainage is ideal for container-grown peacock ginger.

Potted Peacock Ginger Care Tips

Place the container in indirect sunlight and maintain constant humidity. If you live in a cold climate, move the plant indoors in winter.


Peacock Ginger Landscaping

Garden design ideas

Use peacock ginger in shady garden beds, under trees or as a border plant. Its vibrant foliage can add colour and texture to any garden design.

Complementary plants

Combine peacock ginger with other shade-loving plants, such as ferns, hostas, and impatiens, to create a lush tropical garden.

Seasonal Peacock Ginger Plant Care

winter care

Cover the plant with mulch in cold weather to protect the rhizomes from freezing temperatures. Alternatively, dig up the rhizomes and store them indoors until spring.

Summer care

During hot, dry summers, increase watering frequency and provide additional shade to prevent plants from drying out.

Common problems and solutions

yellow leaves

Yellowing leaves can be a sign of overwatering or poor drainage. Adjust watering practices and make sure the soil drains well.

rotten root

If the soil is too wet, the roots will rot. To avoid this problem, drainage must be improved, and watering should be reduced.

Pest infestation

Treat pest infestations promptly with appropriate pesticides or natural remedies to prevent plant damage.

Collection and Uses of Peacock Ginger

Crop Tips

Collect rhizomes in late fall, when the plant is dormant. Use a sharp knife to cut the rhizomes, careful not to damage the plant.

Culinary use

The rhizomes of some varieties can be used as a spice in cooking, adding a unique flavour to food.

traditional medicine

Peacock ginger has been used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments, including respiratory and digestive problems.



How often should I water my peacock ginger plant?

Water your peacock ginger plant regularly, keeping the soil moist but not soggy. Adjust frequency according to season and weather conditions.

Can peacock ginger be grown indoors?

Yes, peacock ginger can be grown indoors in containers. It should receive indirect sunlight and maintain constant humidity.

What pests commonly affect peacock ginger?

Mites and aphids are common pests. Inspect your plants periodically and treat infestations quickly with insecticidal soap or neem oil.

How do I propagate peacock ginger?

Peacock ginger can be propagated by division or rhizome cutting. Divide rhizomes during the dormant season or plant rhizome cuttings in moist soil.

Is peacock ginger toxic to pets?

Peacock ginger is generally considered non-toxic to pets, but it is always best to keep them under control and prevent them from chewing on the plants.


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